Thanks for the invitation of Zhihu.

To facilitate more Zhihu netizens to read, I specially invited the Zhihu team to translate my answers into Chinese, and the following answers will be presented in both Chinese and English.

I think “Avatar: The Way of Water” is an adventure first and foremost it’s very emotional, it’s more emotional than the first film. I think it focuses more on character and relationship dynamics than the first film did, but it definitely delivers on the spectacle and my love of oceans. It’s a family story and an emotional story, a love letter to family and how family makes you stronger. It is not a film that beats you over the head with its message, but it asks you to feel for the ocean and then maybe a few people can translate that into action, containing a strong environmental message.

Compared to the first film, Jake and Neytiri fall in love in the first movie, so obviously the first one is about a love story. The natural progression of Jake and Neytiri was for them to start a family, raising children in a time of war and great turmoil. You can still find joy while teaching them (the children) skills to stay alive, questions human greed in mining or extraction projects.

The second film talks about the exploitation of the ocean. “Avatar: The Way of Water” centers on Jake Sully and Neytiri, now parents to five children, who try to protect their family from a new threat to Pandora. They seek refuge with the oceanic Menkalinan clan and learn the way of water to survive.

The oceans are very important to me. I’ve been passionate about the ocean before I ever met the ocean. I learn to scuba dive in rural Canada, and I love to what it means to us symbolically. Subconsciously we all know that the ocean is like our mother. At least by making a film, I can give something back from the standpoint of conservation and preservation of the ocean. “Avatar 2” combines two great loves of my life: the movie telling stories with pictures, and the ocean. Everything just happened naturally.

I am also very proud that we have captured the facial performance of non-human characters. These characters are similar to us, but not human beings. This effect is not achieved through makeup, but a character generated by CG. We hope that the effect of the character is 100% real, and at the same time, the emotion expressed by the actor is 100% conveyed.

People say – my work is often the most expensive and most ambitious production to date. And if the current filmmaking technology doesn’t match my vision, we have to create our own technology. When we made “Avatar” it was a quantum leap forward in performance capture photography. And now with “Avatar 2”, I and our team have done it once again. This is “how we shot it”, we try our 110% off what we can do. In this series, we’ve covered movies like “Titanic”,”Top Gun:Maverick”, and have done everything, everywhere, all at once.

We’ll be using Studio Binder shot list feature fully populate our shot spaces. I had been dreaming of “Avatar” for decades. I wrote the original treatment before making “Titanic”, but the technology at the time could not match my vision. I was on a quest for the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was to be able to reproduce full human emotion in a CG character. So, I waited, and over the next few years, I over saw the development of the tech and processes required.

In 2007, we finally cracked the code. For my sci-fi epic, three different camera systems were used for three different shooting scenarios. CG Performance Capture. Live action. And a hybridof the two. The fist was a virtual system used for motion capture scenes. Basicmotion capture technology works like this. Actors wear suits with makers thatreflect infrared light back to stationary cameras. While HD reference cameras provided animators with detailed coverage to complete the physical performance, a reported 120 stationary cameras captured the actor’s positions and movements.

Once the performance capture was complete, the crew packed up and headed to New Zealand to shoot all the live-action footage with the Fusion 3D Camera. The Fusion camera rig had two Sony F950s cameras to shoot native 3D. This meant that one camera shot left eye footage and the other shot footage for the righteye. This creates a more natural 3D affect that matches our own vision.

“Avatar” saw a leap forward in technology and filmmaking. And 13 years later, I and my team did it again for the sequels. Following the first film, the sequels would be shot in 3D. But what about shooting 3D underwater? The camera options were three times larger and difficult to operate. The beauty of it, if you can solvethe water, then you will never worry about it anymore. You can do everything and have freedom with it.

The key to do was – to shoot really underwater and really at the surface of thewater, so people were swimming properly.you know, and they were taking their own way to get out of the water properly or diving properly and it just looks like real because the motion was real. Because these kids have to learn how to be underwater, they don’t know how to be underwater, they were raised in theforest, their fear factor probably helped. Although everybody was very well trained and we used a very safe and systematic way to allow them to dive, they were all scuba trained. But we didn’t use scuba, so they got used to being underwater for long periods of time and we went to Hawaii, and we got everybody on scuba we’re also doing free diving training at the same time.

The more you expand you disbelieve, the more you will enjoy the fantasy. We are all join hands and skip off to Pandora together.





第二部电影则讨论了海洋开发的问题。《阿凡达:水之道》主要讲述了杰克·萨利和奈蒂莉——身为五个孩子的父母,他们试图保护家庭,应对潘多拉星球面临的新威胁。 他们向海洋Menkalinan部落寻求庇护,并学习水中生存之道。




我们将使用Studio Binder 的快照列表功能完全填充我们的镜头空间。几十年来,我一直梦想着拍出《阿凡达》。在制作《泰坦尼克号》之前,我写了最初的故事大纲,但当时的技术无法实现我想象的画面。我在寻找圣杯(追寻梦想)。这圣杯就是通过CG角色中再现完整的人类情感。所以,在接下来的几年里我一直等待,时刻关注并观察着所需技术的发展。


表演部分拍摄完成后,工作人员收拾行装前往新西兰,用Fusion 3D摄像机拍摄所有的真人镜头。Fusion Camera Rig包含两台索尼F950s相机,用于拍摄原生3D。这意味着一台摄像机拍摄左眼镜头,另一台摄像机拍摄右眼镜头。这最终创造出与我们双眼视觉效果更自然匹配的3D画面。




来源:知乎 www.zhihu.com

作者:James Cameron


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